L'Agence Française pour l'Information Multimodale et de la Billettique, FRANCE

Last e-ticketing news from France

First of all, France and specially AFIMB keep on supporting the experts' work on contactless communication. With the contribution of several European countries, we had put in place a new work item (WI) with the technical committee 278 of the CEN (CEN/TC278) one year ago. The aim of this WI is to produce a technical specification (TS) precising the ISO 14 443 standard in order to fit better with the public transport requirements. The experts group has been particularly efficient: the draft of this new TS is available on the CEN website since the beginning of 2014. We would be happy to share this document with the e-TSAP members, but you have to pay for... The French reference from which the European group started its work is still available on the AFIMB website¹ and you can download it for free from this page². From the end of July, the CEN makes its review and translation during ten or twelve weeks approximately. And then, the documents will be submitted to the national standardisation members' ballot this autumn. So, this new TS will be published normally during next winter, probably at the beginning of 2015.

In parallel, France works on the certification process. French laboratories do the same tests with the same contactless PICC or PCD samples. Then they shared their results in order to improve their test tools.

At a European level, France works with the Smart Ticketing Alliance (STA) to implement a certification organisation that will permit a manufacturer or vendor to get its equipment or device tested and certified with a certificate recognised everywhere in Europe, or at minimum by the CAN, ITSO and VDV e-ticketing schemes.

AFIMB has also published a new reference for MAD architecture and security³. MAD is the abbreviation of "medium access device" as defined in the ISO 24 014 - 1. We shared this document with the STA members and observed our respective visions are not so far each other. We hope that some French PTA would use the reference in their tender and thus we will get an implementation of this reference and especially we wish to have the detailed description of the interfaces we define in our working group. Because until now, we only have defined some modules and their interfaces without describing precisely each interface.

At the application level, we are waiting for the end of the tender made by Ugap, which is a "buying group". In October, we should have selected a firm which implements the required system for the e-ticketing on NFC handsets (including the Trusted Service Manager, etc.). In parallel, we continue negotiating with the French MNO and MNVO because we are in an UICC centric system, where the e-tickets are stored into the UICC of the NFC handsets. The applet used on the UICC will be kindly offered by Calypso Network Association. It will be its calypso revision 3.1 package. For interoperability purposes, we will instantiate the Triangle 2 cardlet of this calypso package. This Triangle 2 cardlet has already been implemented in Strasbourg with the U'GO app, a tag reading system (the NFC handset reads the tag at the bus or tramway stop and sends information to a back-office, and records some other information on the cardlet into the UICC of the handset). The French railway operator, SNCF, will also propose its "TER Mobile"⁴ app, based on Triangle 2 on the next autumn. If we add Lille which puts Triangle 2 into its new cards "passpass", we observe that Triangle 2 should be present in many devices and accepted in many transport networks. Our Belgian colleagues are in advance because they have already implemented Triangle 2 in their cards all over their country. So we hope to reach our "interoperability promise" within a few years.

¹ http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/afimb.

² http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Referentiel-communication-sans.html.

³ http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Referentiel-architecture-et.html.

⁴ TER means "Transport Express Regional" in French and "Mobile" is for handset.


The UK national standard - an update on ITSO ticketing schemes

ITSO-based smart ticketing on transport in the UK continues to develop in leaps and bounds.

There have been crucial developments on rail and on London's ticketing system, meaning that interoperable and intermodal commercial smart ticketing is now becoming a viable and useful reality.

London uses a successful proprietary scheme - Oyster - as well as contactless bank cards, but the options are now expanding so that cards using the national ITSO system will also be accepted in the capital.

Furthermore, schemes throughout the UK are widening their retail networks using companies like Payzone and PayPoint where customers can buy and top up transport smartcards at terminals in thousands of corner shops. They can also continue buying online with collection at ticketing machines, or directly at ticketing machines in bus or rail stations.

In a national first, Southern rail passengers can now buy Travelcards on their season tickets. That means they can buy both rail and Underground travel using just one smartcard - 'the key' - which is ITSO-compliant*.

Other train operating companies in the South East of England will follow in the very near future. It is a major step forward because 61% of the 1.5 billion rail journeys a year in Great Britain either start or finish in London. Pay as you go and flexi season tickets are next on Southern's smartcard agenda.

Elsewhere on rail in Britain. c2c has this year introduced ITSO-compliant Smart cards for season tickets on part of its network with plans to expand later in the year.

On the multi-operator front there has been a major achievement in South Hampshire where, in August, Solent Transport (a partnership of local government, public transport operators, Network Rail, the Highways Agency and the Department for Transport) announced that nine bus operators, four ferry operators and a hovercraft operator had all signed up to accept a new multi-modal, multi-operator travelcard called Solent Go.

This is no small achievement in a region where transport is deregulated and it therefore means securing the cooperation of competing operators for the good of the travelling public.

Solent Transport is also working with local employers to offer discounts for bulk purchases of pre-paid Solent Go travelcards which the employers can then pass on to their employees, making it cheaper and easier to get to work.

Funding has also been set aside to future-proof the system and support trials of 3G/4G-enabled ETMs (electronic ticketing machines, as well as QR barcode ticketing. Solent Go will also feature an innovative mobile app solution to enable the collection of products using NFC (near field communications) via an Android smartphone.

Europe and elsewhere: ITSO Limited continues to work with national and international standards bodies and mobile phone and network operators to ensure that the Specification can fit in with any cross-border or technological developments on the smart ticketing front, such as using smartphones for transport ticketing.

An overview of ITSO smart ticketing in the UK can be found at www.itso.org.uk/about-us/itso-around-the-uk/.

*ITSO defines and develops the UK's Crown copyright national technical specification for interoperable smart ticketing.

For further information contact Communications Advisor Sheila MacDonald, sheila.macdonald@itso.org.uk and see www.itso.org.uk.

Smart Ticketing Alliance Update

Two years after signing their Memorandum of Understanding, the five Founder Members of the Smart Ticketing Alliance, ITSO (UK), VdV e-ticketing (Germany), the French Smart Ticketing Agency (AFIMB), Calypso Network Association and UITP, successfully launched to a wider audience of Transport Operators and Industry players in Brussels on 17th June 2014.

ITSO's Chief Advisor Standards, John Verity, has been elected as STA's first chair.

A further ten countries have so far indicated their willingness to join the Founder STA members. All are committed to developing and adopting common open specifications for transport smartcard applications across Europe. The aim is to provide a single smart platform where all tickets, tokens and identities can be securely held, covering all aspects of the passenger's journey from door to door and covering all modes: bike, bus, tram, metro, rail, ferry and air.

The Statutes for the organisation are now being finalised with legal counsel and will be signed at the September 2014 Board meeting and handed in for registration.

The Smart Ticketing Alliance will be incorporated as an international non-profit association (AISBL) and will be fully functional by January 2015. It will be based in Brussels with the UITP acting as contact point and secretariat.

With the Statutes signed and in place, other smart ticketing schemes will be able to join the STA and its Working Groups from September 2014 onward.

The Alliance currently has two working groups: one on architecture and one on certification. It is also active in liaising with both the CEN TC278 Work Item on the Transport Implementation Specification for ISO 14443, and the NFC Forum Transport Special Interest Group examining differences between ISO 14443 and NFC Forum Specifications.

This will define how transport applications should be implemented on NFC-enabled mobile phones. In turn, this will hopefully lead to how the STA and its members can agree a certification scheme that will allow customers with smartcards (or NFC-enabled mobile phones) issued in one country to move freely across borders and load transport tickets from different schemes on the same card or phone.

The STA has a formal liaison with the GSMA (the global trade association for Mobile Network Operators) and is running a special workshop with MNOs in September to agree the issues needing to be addressed before NFC-enabled phones can be used in public transport.

A further liaison is being set up with Global Platform to address media security requirements (including Common Criteria certification) and the messaging between transport operator back offices and media owners (or their Trusted Service Managers).

These liaisons are likely to lead to further STA Specifications for media, transport applications, and their life-cycle management.

The STA continues to work closely with European projects that are either in place, or planned under the umbrella of Horizon 2020. It is hoped that all will use the STA Specifications (including those carried over from the EU-IFM Project into ISO EN 24014-3).

The STA, now it is on a legal basis, is keen to widen its membership and open its Working Groups. Members of e-TSAP are particularly invited to join and participate and in turn the STA is keen to support e-TSAP in its projects and proposals.


ITSOnews, the monthly newsletter about ITSO-compliant smart ticketing schemes in the UK. >>> read more

National entitlement card programme/Transport Scotland, SCOTLAND

Transport Scotland Update

It is a busy time in Scotland as we work to implement the Scottish Government's vision "that all journeys on Scotland's bus, rail, ferry, subway and tram networks can be accessed using some form of smart ticketing or payment".

On Ferry, Scotland's largest operator (Caledonian MacBrayne) has just awarded a contract to ATOS for the provision of new ticketing and reservations systems, which will incorporate smart ticketing capability.

On Rail, where Transport Scotland manages the franchise for the operation of nearly every train service in Scotland, the preferred bidder will soon be known for the next ScotRail franchise for a 7 to 10 year period from April 2015. Within the new franchise are some very ambitious targets for the availability and take up of smart ticketing products.

On Bus, Scotland's free concessionary travel scheme (which accounts for nearly 150m journeys per annum) has operated on a fully smart platform for over 4 years, with significant savings around fraud reduction. However, while Scotland's 7,000 buses all have smart ticketing equipment, they are now showing signs of age and will need further investment to deal with the widest range of smart ticketing products. This is a challenge for Transport Scotland and bus operators alike, in what is a deregulated mode of transport in Scotland.

On Subway (where there is only one operation, in Glasgow) the operator has successfully introduced both smart ticketing infrastructure and products across the entire 15 station operation from earlier this year.

On Tram (again where there is only one operation, in Edinburgh) the operator has again successfully introduced smart ticketing from June 2014 when the tram service was introduced.

Our colleagues at NECPO (National Entitlement Card Programme Office) in Dundee are currently overseeing the successful migration to a new card media device (NXP JTA021), which not only enables Scotland to finally move away from the Mifare card outlawed by ITSO following the security issue identified in Holland, but also ensures continuity of service for all 32 Scottish Local Authorities using the same cards for transport and other local authority services (in education, health, leisure & culture).

Finally, Transport Scotland are running a programme of more than 60 pilot smart ticketing projects across bus rail and ferry in Scotland, working with willing operators and local government. In a separate major initiative Transport Scotland are also developing plans for a Scottish Fulfilment Service aimed at providing a whole suite of services for passengers and operators alike, centred around smart ticketing.


(((eTicket Deutschland Newsletter: >>> read more

Innovation / NFC

Famoco's NFC tablet finds a home on buses

1 April 2014. Lisbon-based contactless ticketing provider Card4B is to offer Famoco's FX 100 Android NFC tablet to public transportation operators for ticket validation applications on board buses and other services and, later, for topping up travel passes in retail outlets. >>> read more

Barcelona's 'T-Mobilitat': a new ticketing system is almost here

June 2014. The Barcelona metropolitan area is posed to make a quantum leap in urban mobility, which will subsequently be rolled-out to the rest of Catalonia. Explains Josep-Anton Grau, Director General of the Barcelona Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA). Read the full article on page 51 in Eurotransport Issue 3.

South Shore Line introduces mobile ticketing for Chicago commuters

5 June 2014. Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) has partnered with mobile ticketing provider Bytemark to provide travellers on the South Shore Line with a way to purchase and store train tickets on their mobile device. >>> read more

NICE rolls out Masabi mobile ticketing and payments in Nassau County

6 June 2014. Veolia Transportation is rolling out a mobile ticketing and payment service on the NICE bus and paratransit system in New York's Nassau County, in partnership with mobile ticketing and payment provider Masabi. The roll out follows a pilot that took place in February this year. >>> read more

@Connecthings powers "Rio Smart City": 5000 Interactive Stickers in Rio de Janeiro

11 June 2014. Connecthings, the leader for contactless & proximity services, is providing interactive mobile services in the city of Rio de Janeiro from 5000 smart stickers on bus stops. The "Rio Smart City" project is an initiative of the Secretary of Science and Technology (SECT) aiming at providing relevant information throughout the city for the daily life of Cariocas as well as for the numerous visitors coming to Rio especially for the football World Cup and the Olympics in 2016. >>> read more

Alipay App Adds E-ticketing for Public Transport, Available for NFC Phones in 35 Chinese Cities

18 June 2014. Alipay Wallet, the mobile app for payments and life services, has added a new feature: digital public transport card. It partners with China's Ministry of Housing and Urban-rural Development so that it works through the public transportation system by the latter that is available in most Chinese cities. >>> read more

Orange's NFC transit ticketing goes live in Valencia

3 July 2014. Mobile network operator Orange has formally launched its NFC transit ticketing service in the Spanish city of Valencia. To use the service, passengers download the Mobilis app and link a payment card. The launch follows pilot phases that have been underway in Malaga since February 2012. The service will soon be expanded to the nearby city of Alicante. >>> read more

Hungarian Mobile Wallet Association reports NFC pilot results.

7 July 2014. Participants in The Hungarian Mobile Wallet Association's MobilTarca NFC pilot made 41,000 payments valued at more than 120 million HUF (US$525,000) during the first 12 months of the trial, the association has revealed. Users also conducted more than 4,000 loyalty point transactions. >>> read more

Opportunities and trends for contactless ticketing technology

August 2014. It is now common for the majority of citizens around the world to use a contactless smartcard on public transportation networks. The same technology is widely used for granting access to buildings and now for payments. The new revolution comes from the fact that this technology could now be integrated into the smartphone offering a wide range of new services. Read the full article on page 73 in Eurotransport Issue 4.

iPhone 6 to ship with NFC and support for Apple Pay mobile payments

9 September 2014. The new iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus will include support for NFC, Apple has announced. The NFC functionality will let users make Apple Pay mobile payments in stores. The inclusion of NFC in the new iPhones means that the technology is now supported by all the world's major phone makers. >>> read more

next 6 months


Inno Trans 2014

Berlin, Germany 23-26 September 2014 >>> read more

Transport Ticketing CEE

Warsaw, Poland 8-9 October 2014 >>> read more

e-TSAP conference

Luxembourg, 22-23 October 2014


Paris, France 4-6 November 2014 >>> read more

Real-Time Passenger Information 2014

London, UK 26 November 2014 >>> read more

Transport Ticketing 2015

London, UK 27-29 January 2015 >>> read more

IT Trans

Karlsruhe, Germany 1-3 March 2015 >>> read more